中小学个性化辅导
关于我们  |  联系我们
2018期中考

高中英语常考动词短语分类全汇总,记住了,大小考至少多得30分!

来源:学大教育     时间:2018-10-11 10:11:38


为了方便大家记忆,这里特地将高中英语常考的动词短语做了分类总结,分享给你们,希望能助你们高中英语学习一臂之力!

1. 动词+about

speak/talk about 谈论  

think about 思考
care about 关心,对……有兴趣 

bring about 引起,使发生
set about 着手,开始   

come about 发生
hear about 听说 

worry about 为……担心

 

2. 动词+away
throw away 扔掉  

blow away 吹走
carry away 拿走,使入迷   

clear away 清除掉,消散
die away 逐渐消失,减弱  

pass away 去世
wash away 冲走

take away 拿走,使消失
put away 收拾起来,存起来  

give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送
wear away 磨掉,消耗  

break away 摆脱
send away 让走开  

turn away 把……打发走

 

3. 动词+back
keep back 隐瞒,忍住  

look back(on) 回顾
hold back 控制住  

give back 归还
call back 回电话  

take back 拿回,收回

 

4. 动词+for 
run for 竞选  

ask for 要求得到
wait for 等候 

stand for 代表,表示
long for 渴望  

hope/wish for 希望得到
care for 关心,喜欢   

beg for 乞求
search for 查找   

look for 寻找
call for 需要,要求   

hunt for 寻找
change…for 用……换  

charge…for 收费,要价
apply for 申请 

take…for 误以为……是
seek for 寻找  

come for 来拿,来取

 

5. 动词+down
burn down 烧毁 

break down 坏了,垮了,分解
take down 记下,记录  

turn down 调小,拒绝
cut down 削减,砍倒   

slow down 慢下来
pass down 传下来  

put down 记下,写下,镇压
calm down 平静下来 

bring down 使……降低,使倒下
settle down 安家  

come down 下落,传下
tear down 拆毁,拆除

 

6. 动词+at
come at 向……袭击 

shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷
run at 冲向,向……攻击   

work at 干……活动(研究)
tear at 用力撕 

look at 看,注视
stare at 凝视 

glare at 怒视
glance at 匆匆一瞥 

laugh at 嘲笑
knock at 敲(门、窗等)  

point at 指向
smile at 冲(某人)笑   

strike at 向……打击
aim at 向……瞄准  

shoot at 向……射击
wonder at 惊讶  

call at 拜访(地点)

 

7. 动词+from
differ from 与……不同  

suffer from 受……苦
hear from 收到……来信  

die from 因……而死
keep/stop/prevent…from 不让……做

learn from 向……学习 

result from 由于 

date from 始于……时期   
separate…from 把……分离开

 

8. 动词+of
think of 想到 

dream of 梦到
consist of 由……组成  

speak of 谈到
approve of 赞成 

die of 死于
talk of 谈到   

hear of 听说
complain of 抱怨   

become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

 

9. 动词+off
start off 出发 

set off 出发
leave off 中断 

show off 炫耀
get off 下车  

take off 脱下,起飞
see off 送行  

ring off 挂断电话
put off 延期,推迟 

come off 脱落,褪色
cut off 切断,断绝 

fall off 跌落,掉下
keep off 避开,勿走近  

go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢
knock…off 把……撞落  

break off 打断
pay off 还清  

carry off 携走带走,赢得
get off 脱下(衣服等)  

give off 散发出
turn(switch) off 关掉

 

10. 动词+on
depend on 依靠 

rely on 依靠
insist on 坚持 

carry on 继续,进行
keep/go on 继续  

spend…on 在……花钱
put on 穿上,戴上,上演 

call on 拜访
move on 继续移动,往前走  

live on 以……为生
feed on 以……为生 

bring on 使……发展
take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等)  

try on 试穿
have on 穿着  

pass on 传授,传递
look on 旁观  

turn(switch) on 打开

 

11. 动词+out

break out 爆发 

point out 指出
pick out 选出 

figure out 算出,理解
burst out 进发 

bring out 阐明,使表现出
carry out 执行,进行 

help out 救助
hold out 坚持下去 

set out 出发,着手,摆放
wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 

turn out 结果是,生产,培养
make out 理解,看清楚 

come out 出版,出来
cross out 划掉 

leave out 省略,删掉
keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 

work out 算出,想出办法等
find out 查出,弄明白 

give out 散发,分发,用完
try out 试用,试验 

look out 当心,提防
put out 扑灭 

speak out 大胆讲出
hand out 散发 

send out 发出,派遣
run out 用完 

go out 熄灭
let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租 

die out 灭绝

 

12. 动词十in
give in 让步 

hand in 上交
bring in 引进,使得到收入 

drop in 拜访
result in 导致 

succeed in 在……获成功
join in 参加 

take in 接纳,吸收,改小
get in 收获,进入 

break in 强制进入,插话
fill in 填写 

call in 召集,来访
cut in 插入 

persist in 坚持
look in 来访,参观

 

13. 动词十into
look into 研究,调查 

turn into 变成
burst into 闯入,进发 

divide…into 把……分成
change…into 把……变成 

put/translate…into 把……译成
run into碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态

 

14. 动词+over
turn over 翻倒,细想 

think over 仔细考虑
go over 审阅,检查,研究 

look over 翻阅,检查
get over 克服 

run over 压死,看一遍
take over 接管,接替 

watch over 看守,照看
fall over 跌倒,摔倒 

roll over 翻滚

 

15. 动词十to
belong to 属于 

object to 反对
refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 

point to 指向
turn to 向……求助,查阅 

stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于
see to 处理,料理 

come to 共计,苏醒
reply to 答复 

get to 到达
bring to 使苏醒把……比作 

compare…to 与…相比;把…比作
agree to 同意 

write to 写信给
supply…to 为……提供 

lead to 导致,通向
add to 增添 

attend to 处理,专心,照料
devote…to 贡献给

 

16. 动词+up
grow up 成长,长大 

give up 放弃,献出
build up 建立 

set up 架起、建立
put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起 
do up 整理,包装,打扮 
go up 增长,上涨

get up 起床,站起 
pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到
bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 

turn up 开大(音量等),出席

stay up 挺住,熬夜 

take up 开始学,从事,占据
sit up 熬夜 

eat up 吃完
use up 用完 

tear up 撕碎
lay up 储存 

make up构成,组成 编造 弥补

cut up 切碎 

join up 联结起来,参军
end up 总结 

come up 上来,长出,出现
speed up 加快速度 

throw up 呕吐
clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 

look up 查找,找出
bum up 烧毁 

catch up 赶上
hurry up 赶快 

fix up 修理,安排,装置
keep up 保持 

hold up 耽搁,使停顿
send up 发射 

ring up 打电话
open up 开创,开辟 

divide up 分配
break up 分解

 

17. 动词十through
get through 通过,干完,接通电话 

look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看
go through 审阅,检查,学习 

put…through 接通电话
see through 识破 

check through 核对
pull through 渡过危机,康复

 

18. 动词+with
deal with 处理,对付 

do with 处理,需要
meet with 遇到,遭受 

talk with 同……交谈
agree with 同意,与……一致 

compare with 与……相比
combine with 与……相联合 

equip…with 以……装备
cover…with 用……覆盖 

begin with 以……开始
end up with 以……结束 

supply…with 以……供给
provide…with 以……供给 

play with 玩,玩弄

 

19. 三词以上的短语动词
add up to 总计 

break away from 摆脱
keep away from 避开,别靠近 

do away with 废除
look down on 轻视 

look up to 仰望,尊敬
put up with 忍受 

catch up with 赶上
keep up with 赶上 

run out of 用完
make up for 弥补 

go on with 继续
get on(along) with 和……相处 

look forward to 盼望
get close to 接近 

take hold of 握住
get out of 逃避,避免 

get down to 认真开始
set fire to 放火烧 

pay attention to 注意
take notice of 注意 

set an example to 为……榜样
do well in 在……干得好 

pay a visit to 访问
take a photo of 拍……照片 

take the place of 取代

网站地图 | 全国免费咨询热线: | 服务时间:8:00-23:00(节假日不休)

京ICP备10045583号-6 学大Xueda.com 版权所有 北京学大信息技术有限公司 京公网安备 11010502031324号

增值电信业务经营许可证京B2-20100091 电信与信息服务业务经营许可证京ICP证100956